[Criminal] Purposes of Punishment in Criminal Law

Purposes of punishment in criminal law


Deterrence
to prevent crime by demotivating potential criminals from committing a crime. 
General deterrence: deterrence aimed at the whole society
Specific deterrence: only subjecting the offender in question
Retribution
an offender should receive punishment proportionate to the harm caused
Rehabilitation/ Reformation
seeks to modify behavior by changing the moral outlook of the offender. Criminal behavior is a social disease that is curable through treatment
Distributive justice
Fair allocation of resources among society
Incapacitation
Proportional punishment, deterrence and rehabilitation does not work for offenders that are not criminally responsible
-expensive

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